Racism clarified

Racism from a sociological standpoint is discrimination against a group or member of a group defined “racially,” that is defined by real or imagined physical and/or genetic characteristics. Since all individuals and groups have social power, all have at least the potential to be racist.
Those who argue that racialized groups cannot themselves be racist are confusing racism, the general form, with white supremacy which is a particular form of racism involving the definition of “white” as a racial group and as superior to others.
This level of analysis fallacy would be akin to arguing that sharks define the general class of “fish” or “creatures of the sea.”
Prejudice and racism are different. Prejudice is a negative attitude or feeling towards an individual or group and may be based on racism or a myriad of other social variables like nationality, citizenship, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, etc.


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